Orthodontic tooth movement can improve certain types of gingival and osseous defects both from periodontal disease and at implant site. In periodontally compromised cases, teeth can be intruded or moved into infrabony defects, leading to probing depth reduction, radiological bone fill, and new clinical attachment formation even in cases with minimal supporting tissue remaining. In patients with soft tissue and osseous deficiencies in implant planning areas, orthodontic extrusion and tooth movement into edentulous area are effective adjunctive orthodontic procedures to develop the implant sites, thus reducing the need for bone graft and gingival graft before implant placement.
Explain effects of different tooth movement types on periodontal defects.
Discuss important factors in periodontal healing and stability of new attachments.
Demonstrate different cases of implant site development.